Tips for Heatstroke-Free Pregnant Women due to Hot Weather

When pregnant, especially during hot and hot weather, it can be an unpleasant experience for pregnant women. Doing simple activities such as drying clothes or climbing stairs can feel heavy and uncomfortable. Not only that, the increase in temperature can be at risk for pregnancy. One risk to watch out for is the occurrence of heatstroke.
Generally, heatstroke is caused by exposure to long-term temperatures outside the body. However, heatstroke can also be caused by physical activity or strenuous exercise in hot weather. Pregnant women, especially in the third trimester, will experience an increase in basal metabolic rate (BMR) up to 15-20 percent. This increase in metabolic rate will cause an increase in the process of heat formation in the body which has an impact on increasing body temperature. Therefore, it is normal if the body temperature of a pregnant woman experiences a slight increase compared to normal body temperature, and often feels hot and hot, as long as it is still within the normal body temperature range, which is 36.5–37.2 Celsius. Well, because of the increase in temperature experienced by pregnant women, hot weather must be wisely anticipated. If not, this condition can lead to heatstroke that can threaten the lives of both pregnant women and babies conceived.

Why should pregnant women be aware of hot weather? Pregnant women are more prone to dehydration and this condition can cause serious problems. "Hot weather can worsen dehydration and other conditions such as morning sickness or stomach flu. Dehydration during pregnancy can cause early contractions or premature labor which can affect the condition of the baby at birth, "said Dr. Linda Fonseca, obstetrician and gynecologist from Texas, United States, told Live Healthy Austin. Increase the mother's body temperature during hot weather, especially with high humidity, pregnant women can experience medical complications. Starting from the heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and the most severe is heatstroke. Heat cramps are the mildest form of complications caused by an increase in temperature in pregnant women. Symptoms are twitching of the muscles and cramps that occur in the arms, calves, back and abdominal wall. In heat exhaustion, the symptoms are more severe and sweating can occur, feeling weak, nausea or vomiting, rapid and weak pulse, cold sweat, and fainting. These symptoms can be felt suddenly or gradually. While heatstroke is a complication that must be very careful. The symptoms are an increase in body temperature above 39.4 degrees Celsius. "In addition, other symptoms include decreased consciousness, seizures, headaches, nausea, vomiting, slurred speech, rapid and shallow breathing frequency, increased pulse frequency, reddened skin, and hot and dry skin," Dr. Andika added. If not treated immediately, heatstroke can cause death. Often significant electronic imbalances accompany heatstroke.

If pregnant women experience heatstroke, this condition can endanger you and your baby. When the increase in the body's core temperature rises by more than 38.8 degrees Celsius, the baby can experience neural tube defects. This risk is also the reason why pregnant women are advised not to take a hot shower or sauna. Heatstroke during pregnancy can also lead to miscarriages and maternal deaths that occur during pregnancy.

Tips to prevent heatstroke in pregnant women The most important thing to reduce the risk of heatstroke in pregnant women is to limit exposure to high milk, such as sunlight, saunas, or hot baths, especially in a long time. Collected from various sources, do the steps below so that pregnant women avoid heatstroke.

1. Use clothes that are loose and light. This step is important to make it easier for the body to release heat.
2. Filling fluid intake by drinking enough water (8-10 glasses) can help prevent the occurrence of heatstroke. Adequate fluid consumption can replace the fluid that comes out of the body through sweat. Also, make sure the urine isn't dark because this is a sign of dehydration
3. Avoid outdoor activities when the weather is hot and hot. We recommend that pregnant women move on at a time that has cool temperatures in a day, such as in the morning or evening.

4. If you have to be outdoors during the day, protect yourself by using a hat or umbrella, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect yourself from sun exposure. Find shelter immediately if you feel weak.

5. Limit or avoid caffeine. Caffeine can increase blood pressure and core temperature. Not only that, caffeine can cause a diuretic effect, which means the frequency of urinating in small ones becomes much more frequent.

6. Swimming can be a mild physical exercise for pregnant women, reducing body temperature, while helping to relieve complaints of pain and pain. If swimming is not possible, you can take a warm bath by dripping essential oils such as enough lavender, or simply soaking the feet with cold water.

7. In traditional Chinese medicine, food is grouped based on the cooling effect or heating on the body. Water-rich fruits such as watermelons, melons, berries, and vegetables for salads such as cucumber, lettuce, and fresh peas are considered 'cooling' foods. Cold vegetable soup with tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, or homemade popsicles with juice or fruit puree can make you a snack. Plain cold yogurt with pieces of fruit can also be an option.

8. Cool the room with AC or fan. If the room is exposed to sunlight, close the window with a curtain.

Seek medical attention immediately if pregnant women experience:

  • Conditions that did not improve after doing the various tips mentioned above
  • Faint or fall
  • Feeling confused
  • Vomit more than once or can't drink
  • Body temperature reaches 39 degrees Celsius
  • Experience uterine contractions or decreased fetal movements
  • Someone who accompanies you is unresponsive or confused with the complaints you experience while under hot weather

Recognizing the risk of exposure to hot weather and high temperatures does not mean paranoid pregnant women, but taking various precautions is very important so that your health and your baby are safe. If a pregnant woman is easily overheated during pregnancy, consult this with a doctor.

If symptoms of heat exhaustion or heatstroke occur in pregnant women, immediately find a cool place or immediately seek medical help. Lowering your body temperature as soon as possible is very important to avoid the threat of heatstroke, and this can be a crucial moment between life and death for you and the baby in the womb. So, for pregnant women out there, stay cool!

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