Causes of Longer Delivery Time


Childbirth is a crucial moment that occurs before a mother can meet directly with the baby for the first time. Thus, every pregnant woman certainly wants to undergo a normal labor process that is smooth. Unfortunately, in some conditions labor lasts longer than it should or the time of labor extends. Normal or vaginal delivery involves the process of contracting the uterine muscles that occurs intensely and repeatedly. Muscle contractions are useful for pushing the baby out of the womb and into the birth canal, before finally being born. Not infrequently, the contractions of the uterine muscles during childbirth cause very painful complaints that require management to relieve the pain.


Normal labor time For women who have given birth for the first time, vaginal delivery takes around 12-18 hours. Meanwhile, for women who have given birth, the delivery time can range from 6 to 9 hours. The more often a woman gives birth, the more likely the delivery time will be. In labor with multiple or more pregnancies, it takes more than 16 hours. Labor is considered too long if it takes more than 20 hours at the first time of labor and more than 14 hours at the umpteenth time of labor. So, what actually causes the labor to last longer? Recognize the cause Several factors that are believed to affect the time of labor last longer, including:

  • The size of a baby is so large that it is difficult to pass through the birth canal
  • Position of an abnormal baby in the womb
  • A birth canal that is too narrow for a baby to go through
  • The uterine muscle contractions are too weak
  • The birth of twins or more
  • Stress, anxiety, or fear in pregnant women

The time of labor that lasts longer can certainly endanger the condition of the baby being born. Among them can reduce the oxygen supply to the baby, make the baby's heart rhythm abnormal, be exposed to meconium (toxic substances), and infection in the amniotic fluid. Therefore, during labor, the baby's condition must be monitored closely. Handling labor that has a long time depends on the cause. For example, the contractions of the uterine muscles that are less strong during labor can be stimulated by administration of drugs, such as oxytocin.

These stimulants can accelerate contractions stronger and faster. However, if the use of the drug is not effective, it is likely that a cesarean section or caesarean section will be needed to give birth to your baby. About one-third of the number of cesarean section operations is carried out after the birth time has elongated. For example, in the position of an abnormal baby or the size of a baby is too large, caesarean section is the appropriate management to prevent further complications of labor. In addition, caesarean section is commonly performed in labor with twins or more. In addition to a number of medical actions, to help launch labor you can make your own efforts, which are changing positions during labor. For example, you can stand and walk. Meanwhile, during sleep you should remain in a tilted position to the left. In addition, pregnant women must be able to manage stress during labor because it can prolong labor. Feeling nervous will disrupt the work of the hormone oxytocin which plays a role in the process of contracting the uterine muscles. You can do relaxation exercises especially from the end of the pregnancy until the time of delivery so that you are better prepared to go through labor. Not only during pregnancy, the labor process needs to be prepared as well as possible. Discuss the plan of labor with your doctor according to the condition of your pregnancy. With good preparation, you can anticipate the difficulties that may occur during labor, including labor that lasts longer.


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